Judge-appointed judges are not immune from judicial canings, which are widely used by the courts to detain people they consider to be “criminals” or “dangerous” if they are not brought to trial.
In India, the Supreme Court has recently issued orders to stop the use of judicial canons against those who have been convicted of crimes such as murder, rape or kidnapping.
A number of court orders have also been issued against individuals found to be guilty of offences against national security, which is illegal in India.
While India is a relatively free country, there is still a strong pressure to convict people who have committed offences against the law.
The government is aware of this and has set up a taskforce on ‘re-education and rehabilitation’ in order to bring perpetrators of heinous crimes to justice.
India has a total of 8,946,566 people awaiting trial, including 2,079,547 for rape, 1,094,832 for murder and 1,988,095 for kidnapping.
The vast majority of the people behind bars in India are women.
The average sentence in India is two-and-a-half years.